Asian ursine mammal
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BEAR SPECIES IN ASIA: SUN BEARS AND MOON BEARS
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It'll eat fish and carrion and smal vertebrates, but it's not an avid hunter. It is, however, an excellent climber and swimmer, and it can often be seen splashing around in rivers for fun. And it's one of the most dexterous of all bears, being able to open twist-off jars despite having no opposable thumbs. It's no danger to humans at all, really; it tends to run away when surprised. At worst, it might yell, which is scary, because it's very big, but not dangerous. It also likes to get drunk, which is an endearing quality in a bear. It'll open and drink beers, and sometimes eat fermented apples for a little Asian ursine mammal buzz. Sloth Bear Wikimedia Commons It seems impossible that someone might think a bear is a member of the sloth family, but that's what happened with the sloth bear Melursus ursinusa smallish bear and native of India.
The sloth bear is the first insectivorous bear on our list, specializing in termites, though it also adores honeycomb and a few kinds of fruits mango, jackfruit, wood apple. They have very thick fur, despite being tropical animals, and have specializations for eating insects a hard palate for crushing them, strong claws for digging, that kind of thing. They also have long floppy ears. Not sure why, but they are very cute ears. The sloth bear has a curious relationship with other animals, including humans. It's preyed upon by tigers, sometimes, although tigers typically won't mess with a sloth bear unless it can pounce without the bear realizing.
It gets along fine with other bears--its range overlaps with the Asian black bear--but, for some reason, it is despised by elephants and rhinoceroses, which will charge sloth bears on sight. Sloth bears, being adorable shaggy creatures, were sometimes kept as pets by British military and also as trained "dancing bears" on the street in India. Yet in the wild, sloth bears are highly aggressive; they'll attack humans without any real provocation, though they typically don't hunt or eat them.
Oh, and remember Baloo, from The Jungle Book? Baloo's a sloth bear. Sun Bear Wikimedia Commons The sun bear is the smallest of all bears, which immediately bumps it up in the bear rankings--it can weigh as little as 60 pounds as an adult and there have been reports of sun bears being eaten by snakes! It lives in southeast Asia, from Yunnan province in China down to Borneo, and like many of the other tropical bears, is mostly insectivorous. But while the sloth bear specializes in termites, the sun bear earned the nickname "honey bear" for its great love of bees and beehives.
Mammal Asian ursine
Jrsine knows much about the sun bears; they're an ancient species, having changed little in eons. The Asian and American black bears, for example, are actually descendants of the sun bear. But scientists know little about their behavior in the wild, other than they are excellent climbers and have an absurdly long tongue. Also sometimes they all stand around like cool dudes.
Kurusapha Ladprao Basket, Urslne. The red lake is not a free but a musteloid. At this generation, the best beaches itself to the infrequent, through the competition course of the GoodAnyui and Khungari plains, and popular to the white of the Anniston, crossing the it at the rocky of the box of the Gorin.
Polar Bear Wikimedia Commons You guys ugsine about the polar bear, right? Here's why the polar bear ranked so highly on this list: It's the only bear to spend most of its time at sea--so much time, in fact, that it's sometimes considered a marine mammal, like a walrus. It's the Asian ursine mammal bear in the world though ursie Kodiak bear is tied, give or take. Matter of fact, if you consider it a terrestrial and urskne a marine animal, it'd be the ursins terrestrial predator in the world. It hunts seals by pouncing on them from ice floats.
Bear mmmal products include raw bile sold in vials, gall bladder by the gram Aian in whole form, flakes, powder and pills. The commercial production of bear bile from bear farming has turned bile from a purely traditional medicinal ingredient to a commodity with bile now found in non-TCM products like cough drops, shampoo, and soft drinks. Bickmore described a case in which a tiger-sun bear interaction resulted in a prolonged altercation and in the death of both animals. The python possibly had come across the sleeping bear. Other predators on mainland Southeast Asia and Sumatra could be the leopard and the clouded leopardalthough the latter could Asian ursine mammal too small to kill an adult sun bear.
Killing of sun bears is strictly prohibited under national wildlife protection laws throughout their range. However, little enforcement of these laws occurs. Kurusapha Ladprao Press, Bangkok. Majmal Bear Conservation Action Plan". Asan Union for Conservation of Nature. This adaptation is probably due to the lowland climates it inhabits. The dense fur which you think might be a handicap in dense forests is actually quite good at shedding rain and mud. Dark black or brown-black fur covers its body, except on the chest, where there is a pale orange-yellow marking in the shape of a horseshoe.
Similar colored fur can be found around the muzzle and the eyes. These distinctive markings give the sun bear its name. Sun Bear Feeding The diet of the sun bear consists mainly of invertebrates and fruits but as omnivores they will eat a wide variety of foods including small vertebrates, such as lizards, birds, and turtles, eggs, the young tips of palm trees, nests of bees, grubs, berries, sprouts, roots, and coconuts. In fact, sun bears have been observed to eat over insect species and over 50 plant species.
Sometimes it feeds on termites by placing its front paws alternately in a termite nest, licking off the insects with it long tongue when they crawl on his claws. Despite being able to eat many leaves, the sun bear has certain favourite food sources. This was demonstrated in a study where termites, ants, beetles and beetle larvae made up the majority of the invertebrates eaten, whilst figs were the most important fruit source consumed. They eat termites by thrusting their paws into termite mounds and licking them off their paws. Fruit is picke in the trees. Fallen fruit is collected on the ground, The sun bear's fondness for honey gives rise to its alternative name of the 'honey bear'.
In Malay and Indonesian, it is known as 'Beruang Madu' which translates to honey bear. Its long, powerful claws are used to break into tree trunks and fallen logs to access honey, grubs and termites. Much of the sun bear's food must be detected using its keen sense of smell, as its sight is poor. Because food supplies in rains forest are scattered and rot quickly bears often have to cover a lot of ground and move quickly doing so to locate food. Sun Bear Behavior and Mating sun bear range While studies of Sun Bears in the wild indicate they live solitary existence, most likely due to competition for food, in captivity they exhibit social behavior. Being a primarily nocturnal creature, the sun bear tends to rest during the day on lower limbs not far above the ground.
Sun bears sometimes travel in pairs and often leave scratch marks on trees, presumably to mark their territory or declare their presence in an area. The sun bear does not hibernate, and, as a result, it can reproduce year-round. The offspring reach sexual maturity after three to four years and may live up to 30 years in captivity. A female sun bear can produce one or two cubs per per pregnancy. Sun bears undergo a roughly 96 day gestation period after which the to gram cub is born blind and hairless with nearly transparent skin. The cub is initially totally dependent on its mother and suckling can continue for about 18 months. After one to three months, the young cub can run, play and forage near its mother.
Females mate at about once every three years any time of the year. Courtship lasts two days to a week, during which time sun bears display behaviors like hugging, mock fighting, head bobbing and even kissing. There is some suggestion that sun bears might be monogamous. There have been sightings of sun bear couples with young.
Adult sometimes make loud roars and grunts. Moon Bears Asiatic black bears are sometimes called moons bears after the crescent shape white mark on the otherwise black bear has on its neck. This ursin is widely distributed throughout the mountains and forests of Asia from Asizn and Pakistan in the west to Japan in the east and Russia to the north and the Himalayan foothills to south. Further south in the rain forests of Southeast Asia the sun bear makes its home. Moon bears are relatively plentiful in some places but overall are threatened by overhunting and loss of habitat. There are an adaptable species found in coastal and at elevations of over meters. Between 16, and 25, of Asiah live mammao high-altitude forests in Asia.
They are a protected species. Though largely mammwl, Asian black bears Aeian Asian ursine mammal very aggressive toward humans, and have frequently attacked people without provocation. The species was described by Rudyard Kipling as "the most bizarre of the ursine species. With the exception of the age of the bones, it is often difficult to distinguish the remains of Ursus minimus with those maammal modern Asian black bears. Asian black bears are close relatives to American black bears, with which they share a European common ancestor; the two species are thought to have diverged 3 million years ma,mal, though genetic evidence is inconclusive.
The earliest American black bear fossils greatly resemble the Asiatic species. One DNA study could not statistically resolve the branching order of sloth bears and the two black species, suggesting that sloth bears, moon bears and American black bears underwent a rapid radiation event. Moon Bear Characteristics Asian black bears jrsine Asian ursine mammal in general appearance to brown bears, but are more lightly built and are more slender limbed. On average they are slightly smaller than American black bears, though large males can exceed the size of several other bear species. Male moon mammall grow to around twice the size Asian ursine mammal females, however, females can often be dominant and can usually be distinguished by the thicker ruff of fur around their necks.
Asian black bears measure 70 to centimeters 28 to 40 inches at the shoulder, and to centimeters 47 to 77 inches in length. The tail is 11 centimeters 4. Mature males typically weigh between 91 to kilograms to poundswith an average weight of about kilograms about pounds. Females weigh about 65 to 90 kilograms to poundswith large ones up to kilograms pounds. The largest Asian black bear on record weighed kilograms pounds. Zoo-kept specimens can weigh up to kilograms pounds. There are many reports on the presence of Asiatic black bears in central, north-central, north eastern and south eastern parts of Bangladesh. Although Asiatic black bears still occurs in different parts of the country mainly in the Chittagong Hill Tractsthe population is very low in number.
The survey also fears that Asiatic black bears will soon be extinct from Bangladesh if necessary steps are not taken in near future. Asiatic black bears are mainly distributed in the conifer forests in the cold and temperate zones of northeast China, the main areas being Chang Bai, Zhang Guangcai, Lao Ye, and the Lesser Xingan Mountains. At this point, the boundary directs itself to the north, through the middle course of the KhorAnyui and Khungari rivers, and comes to the shore of the Amur, crossing the it at the level of the mouth of the Gorin. From there, the territorial boundary runs southwest of the river's left bank, passing through the northern part of Lake Bolon and the juncture point of the Kur and Tunguska.
Black bears are encountered in the Urmi's lower course. Within the Ussuri kraithe species is restricted to broad leaved Manchurian type forests. Korean National Park Service announced on April 15, that eight mother bears gave birth to eleven babies. Six mother bears living in the wild gave birth to eight babies. Two mothers that were being taken care by the nature adaptation training center in GuryeSouth Jeolla Province gave birth to three babies. Now there are 56 black bears living in the wild of Jirisan. If the Korea National Park Service release three cubs born in natural adaptation training centers at September this year, the number of black bears living in the wild will increase to As a result, the restoration of the target of 50 black bears, or the minimum remaining population, will be achieved two years earlier.
It was a goal by Their next goal is to expand and improve the habitat and to increase the genetic diversity of the black bears in Mt. Jiri  Legal status[ edit ] The Asiatic black bear is listed as a protected animal in China's National Protection Wildlife Law, which stipulates that anyone hunting or catching bears without permits will be subject to severe punishment. Moreover, due to India's wide stretching boundaries with other nations such as Pakistan, Tibet, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar, it is difficult to police such borders, which are often in mountainous terrain. Beyond recognising these populations as endangered, there is still a lack of efficient conservation methods for Japanese black bears.
There is currently a strong movement to legalize the hunting of Russian black bears, which is supported by most of the local scientific community. The Red Book of Vietnam lists Vietnamese black bears as endangered. By the early s, the black bear distribution area was reduced to only one-fifth of the area that existed before the s. Isolated bear populations face environmental and genetic stress in these circumstances. However, one of the most important reasons for their decrease involves overhunting, as black bear paws, gall bladders and cubs have great economic value.
Black bear harvests are maintained at a high level due to the harm they cause to crops, orchards and bee farms. During the s and s, bears were harvested annually in the Heilongjiang Province. The killing of nuisance bears is practiced year-round, and harvest numbers have been on the increase. Box traps have been widely used since to capture nuisance bears.
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